Athletes can protect the mouth area with special plaques made in dental offices
Difficult to find a sport that does not have the danger of the occurrence of oral trauma. In contact sports, for example, the athlete is subject to injuries of various natures and at different levels of complexity. Oral trauma can result from simple soft tissue injury (especially the lips), more severe fractures and even avulsions (tooth loss). Simply put, dental injuries can be classified according to the tissue they affect: the tooth itself or the surrounding tissue.
The tooth can be affected at different levels: only enamel, enamel and dentin, fracture involving the dental pulp and even cementum (root). Supporting tissue may also be affected, causing different types of dislocation or even tooth avulsion when the tooth is completely lost. The varied traumatic situations demand different therapeutic approaches.
The consequences of trauma vary according to the severity of the injury. Mild dental trauma requires simple fragment or restoration bonding, with little aesthetic damage. Trauma involving the dental pulp usually requires endodontic treatment followed by restorative or prosthetic approach. More complex situations – displacement of the tooth from its original location – can lead to tooth loss in the most complex cases.
Post-trauma care boils down to the recovery of the dental fragment and the athlete’s assessment of the condition at first. In trauma where substantial damage is found (bone trauma with dislocation or loss of a significant part of the tooth) it is recommended to contact the dentist immediately, taking the fragment (or the whole tooth) with him / her into a glass of water, milk or serum. to keep your hydration. In the office, the professional will take the necessary conduct, which can be from a simple collage of the fragment, a stabilization or even a reimplantation of the tooth.
Prevention – Normally athletes can protect themselves from oral trauma through the so-called “sport mouthguards”. These devices are commonly used in high-contact sports and can be classified into three types: a) stock or universal protectors; b) prefabricated protectors and c) custom made protectors. The first of these is sold in sports stores and consist of standard size plates and offer no individual fit. The second type is similar to the first, except that they are thermoformed plaques, ie they can be plasticized in hot water and take the shape of the individual’s teeth when superimposed on them. The third type is the most individualized, made in dental office by the professional and his prosthesis laboratory technician. Can faithfully copy athlete’s teeth and arch for maximum comfort and protection while minimizing negative effects on speech and breathing. Whenever you start sports, it is critical to look for the dentist to indicate the best option for the athlete.